Back Pain

Back Pain

Back pain is a common reason for absence from work and doctor visits. Although back pain may be painful and uncomfortable, it is not usually serious. The human back is composed of a complex structure of muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks and bones – the segments of our spine are cushioned with cartilage-like pads called disks. Problems with any of these components can lead to back pain. In some cases of back pain, its cause is never found.

Strain – the most common causes of back pain are:

  • Strained muscles
  • Strained ligaments
  • A muscle spasm

Things that can lead to strains or spasms include:

  • Lifting something improperly
  • Lifting something that is too heavy
  • The result of an abrupt and awkward movement

Back pain can also be the result of some everyday activity or poor posture. Examples include:

Example of poor posture when using a computer
  • Bending awkwardly
  • Pushing something
  • Pulling something
  • Carrying something
  • Lifting something
  • Standing for long periods
  • Bending down for long periods
  • Twisting
  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Muscle tension
  • Over-stretching
  • Straining when driving or using a computer
  • Long driving sessions